Shrimp farming started on a commercial basis in the eighties of the last century in the south-western part of Bangladesh. Under the patronage of the government, a class of urban rich people came forward in shrimp farming. It was very profitable. For this reason, there is a lot of coercion here in the initial phase. In most of the cases, shrimp farming started by cutting the embankment forcefully without any consent of the land owners’, without lease-deed and paying the any compensation (rent). It creates unrest in this area, people are victims of disappearances and murders, their habitats are destroyed; many were killed while opposing forced shrimp farming. A significant portion of the people in the area are now accustomed to a life centered around shrimp farming. Now the income from shrimp is low, but the locals are forced to cultivate it as there is no other option.
Gouranga Nandy is a media professional, writer and freelance researcher. He was born 2nd April 1963 at Khulna. He lives in Khulna. Much of his work is focused on the environmental and development issues and liberation war 1971. He is the author of several books like Liberation war based novel Rahugras (2023), Kapotakhoparer Kannya (2021) and Unoshottorer Raktobij (2018); Kaler Aina (collection of essays) (2018), Bisher Jala (Field research on impact of insecticides and pesticides) (2018), Manobpremy Achrya Profullya Chandra Roy (life history of a great scientist Acharya Profullya Chandra Roy) (2017), Brihottor Khulnar Muktijudder Itihash (History of Liberation war in greater Khulna district) (2016), Deara Ganohottya (Genocide in Deara) (2015), Badamtala Ganohottya (Genocide in Badamtala) (2015), Upokule Nirapad Panir Aakal (Crisis in safe water in Coastal area) (2013), Jaler Fande (Intrumpt) (2011), Chingri o Jano Aarthoniti : Kar laav Kar Khoti (Shrimp and popular economy: who gains who losses) (2007), Manobadhikar Andolon : Prechkhit Dhakkin-paschim upokulio plabon-bhumi Anchal (Human rights movement in south-western part of Bangladesh) (2005).